Tuesday, January 21, 2020

The Clinic :: essays research papers

The Clinic The Clinic is one of a series of Alex Delaware novels written by Jonathan Kellerman. Alex Delaware is a psychology doctor who is often employed by the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) to provide psychological profiles of both victims and killers. The book is 465 pages long. In this novel Dr. Delaware has been asked to provide a psychological profile of the victim of a particularly gruesome murder. The victim is Professor Hope Devane, who was found murdered under a large elm tree in front of her home. She was stabbed three times; once in the heart; once in the groin; and once in the back. The only clue was a bicycle track left at the scene. The murder had occurred three months ago and the case had been turned over to a different detective, Milo Sturgis, due to the lack of progress in solving the case. Milo Sturgis is a personal friend of Dr. Alex Delaware and requested his assistance. Very little was known about Professor Hope Devane and Detective Sturgis asked Dr. Delaware to compile a psychological profile of her. Professor Devane had written a male-bashing book entitled â€Å"Wolves and Sheep.† The book had created quite a controversy and Professor Devane had appeared on numerous talk shows. Dr. Delaware discovered that Professor Devane had set up a committee at the university where she was employed. This committee was established to assist students who claimed to have been sexually harassed by other students. There were only three cases handled by the committee before the head of the university dissolved it. Detective Sturgis and Dr. Delaware decide that it would be a good idea for Dr. Delaware to locate and interview both the members of the committee and the individuals involved in the three cases. There were only three members of the committee. The members were Professor Hope Devane, another professor at the university, and a student named Casey Locking. The professor who served on the committee told Dr. Delaware that she only sat in on two of the cases and then dropped out because she felt the committee was too radical. She also said that Professor Devane exhibited signs of someone who might have been abused herself. Dr. Delaware interviewed the students involved in the three cases, with the exception of one young woman who seemed terrified. This girl claimed to have been raped by a fellow student who was a drama major. The Clinic :: essays research papers The Clinic The Clinic is one of a series of Alex Delaware novels written by Jonathan Kellerman. Alex Delaware is a psychology doctor who is often employed by the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) to provide psychological profiles of both victims and killers. The book is 465 pages long. In this novel Dr. Delaware has been asked to provide a psychological profile of the victim of a particularly gruesome murder. The victim is Professor Hope Devane, who was found murdered under a large elm tree in front of her home. She was stabbed three times; once in the heart; once in the groin; and once in the back. The only clue was a bicycle track left at the scene. The murder had occurred three months ago and the case had been turned over to a different detective, Milo Sturgis, due to the lack of progress in solving the case. Milo Sturgis is a personal friend of Dr. Alex Delaware and requested his assistance. Very little was known about Professor Hope Devane and Detective Sturgis asked Dr. Delaware to compile a psychological profile of her. Professor Devane had written a male-bashing book entitled â€Å"Wolves and Sheep.† The book had created quite a controversy and Professor Devane had appeared on numerous talk shows. Dr. Delaware discovered that Professor Devane had set up a committee at the university where she was employed. This committee was established to assist students who claimed to have been sexually harassed by other students. There were only three cases handled by the committee before the head of the university dissolved it. Detective Sturgis and Dr. Delaware decide that it would be a good idea for Dr. Delaware to locate and interview both the members of the committee and the individuals involved in the three cases. There were only three members of the committee. The members were Professor Hope Devane, another professor at the university, and a student named Casey Locking. The professor who served on the committee told Dr. Delaware that she only sat in on two of the cases and then dropped out because she felt the committee was too radical. She also said that Professor Devane exhibited signs of someone who might have been abused herself. Dr. Delaware interviewed the students involved in the three cases, with the exception of one young woman who seemed terrified. This girl claimed to have been raped by a fellow student who was a drama major.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Leadership Essay

Values of great leaders can be found in various types of people. People who are of different ethnicities and are from different points of the world have shown to have unusual characteristics of leadership. There were many different approaches developed in studying leadership, one being the trait approach. The trait approach is based on the presumption that leaders are not developed into the leadership role but born with the characteristics of leadership that permits them to be great leaders. It has been discovered that there are strengths and also weaknesses within the trait approach relating to studying leadership. Strengths From a trait approach, there are many strong characteristics in leadership. A big role of a leader’s success is their personality. Their personality allows them to be effective when interacting with other people. Sometimes it takes a leader’s personality to set or change the tone in a work place, helping to create a positive mood and encouraging an environment of motivation to succeed and goal achievement. High energy, optimistic, a strong motivator, the ability to communicate and constancy are signature abilities that are believed to be recognized in the trait approach which aids a leader to be successful driven and adaptable (American Library Association , 1997-2013) Although this trait has been known to be very valuable in a successful leader it is has also been said that, â€Å"this massive research effort failed to find any traits that would guarantee leadership success. (Gary Yukl, page 13, 2010)† Weaknesses Although a personality has the ability to be effective it also has the ability to be  ineffective as well. A leader’s personality can be felt as being too strong and overwhelming at times causing some resistance and rebelling to take place with the followers. Many employees function on different learning levels in the workplace. If a supervisor leads with a sense of expectancy, his expectations may be seen as little high by the employees which in turn may damage the positive work environment. Also a supervisor’s personality can be taken as negative one if they do not take the employees’ feelings into consideration. To believe that a great supervisor is born with the leadership traits means that, as a company, the employees cannot be developed or effective in the workplace. When a company refrains from filling management positions from the inside of the company, employees can began to believe that they are in a glass ceiling environment. Creating future leaders within the company has been proven to build the morale of the employees. Conclusion Many abilities that identify great leaders have been found through the trait approach. Although these abilities are good, leadership is not limited by them. It has been exemplified through President Obama that in life, being a leader can be learned. President Obama was not born a leader, but through education and leadership experiences, he now has the ultimate leadership position in this country. Knowing this to be true, other approaches to studying leadership were developed such as the situational approach, the integrative approach, the behavior approach, and the power-influence approach.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

The Effect of Parent Socio Economic Status on the Academic...

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM If education is a weapon of liberation from ignorance, poverty and diseases, then the education for a child means giving the child the potentials to improve himself and the educational standard will no small way improve the child’s worth; hence the child would be able to play his or her own role in the building of his or her own nation. The need to improve on the educational standard by all means stem from the fact that education will not only develop the personality of the individual in full but will equally prepare to take specific jobs which will change his or her environments. Due to the vital role education plays in nation building, many people are concerned about the quality of education given to the child.†¦show more content†¦However the time frame can adversely affect the quality of work done. For further study, more time should be allotted; the study should also cut across more than local government authorities in the state. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERM 1. Social class: - this refers to the major group whose members are of approximately the same economic position, prestige, power, occupation and value orientations in the society, social class is a major dimension of social stratification. 2. Social stratification: - this refers to the organization of society in terms hierarchical order. It is the aspect of inequalities in society, in terms of services, right, obligation, power and prestige. 3. Social economic: - this refers to the study of socio-economic status of any given individual, sociologist have relied on socio-economic indices such as occupation, level of education and income of the individual. 4. Academic performance: - this is generally used to the performance of pupils, students in subject of school curriculum. LITERRATURE REVIEW The importance of social class or socio-economic background of parents and how it influences the academic achievement of pupils especially in the primary school cannot be over emphasized. It can never be ruled out that the children from high socio-economic background would perform better in school. This isShow MoreRelatedStudent s Performance As Cause Effect Phenomen A Multilevel Approach1245 Words   |  5 PagesStudent’s Performance as Cause-Effect Phenomena: A Multilevel Approach Introduction: Education plays a vital role in the human and country development at all stages. There are key determinants that affect the education level which ultimately translate into human and country s development. Quality education ensures the achievement of knowledge and required skills that enable individuals to enhance the productivity and improve their living standard and access to basic needs. ThisRead MoreEffects Of Lack Of Resource Materials For Students1671 Words   |  7 Pageslesson impact. Availability of a wide variety of instructional resources can stimulate the interest and actively engage learners in the learning of mathematics (Herward, 2009). It also enhances the effectiveness of schools as these are basic things that can bring about good academic performance in the students. The knowledge acquired in an instructional situation depends on the suitability of the instructional material, adequacy and effective utilization of the available materials. Without use of teachingRead MoreImportance And Importance Of Mathematics1662 Words   |  7 Pagesall sciences† (Nostrand 2015). Mathematics relates to everything in this universe from the smallest to the largest. It is so important that it has been occupying a central position since the ancient period. Hence, it is also the important part of academic curriculum. Mathematics helps children to understand the world around them and expand their ability to solve problems. Similarly mathematics develops and enhances thinking process and develops a mindset necessary for solving life situations. ChildrenRead MoreTeachers Behavioral Attitude and Its Effect on Students Academic Performance3133 Words   |  13 Pageslearner is the center of education. Studying their different aspects of a student and their ways on attaining such goals will be of great impotance. As such, the extent of student’s learning in academics may be determined by the grades a student earns for a period of learning. It is believed that a grade is a primary indicator of such learning. If a learner earns high grades it is concluded that they may also have learned a lot while low grades indicate lesser learning. However, many experiences and studiesRead MoreThe Effects of Socio-Economic Status on Students Achievements in Biology13494 Words   |  54 Pageswitnessed series o f political instability with obvious effect on educational policies at federal, state and local government level. This gradually laid the foundation of fallen standard in education at the primary and secondary level which caused differential academic performance of students. In the quest of finding survival feet, the nation has evolved series of socio-economic and educational measures but these have not improved the socio-economic status of families in the country. It’s within this situationRead MoreImpact of Socioeconomic Status on Academic Performance4432 Words   |  18 PagesEffects of Socioeconomic Status on Academic Performance Name Instructor Introduction Problem statement America today faces an issue of epic proportion that is critically essential. An issue that continues to affect her economy, challenge her highest ideals as well as reducing the competitiveness of her workforce, an issue that is deeply rooted her history, her society as well as her culture. The issue in question here is education inequality. This project explores the belief thatRead MoreRaising Achievement of Ethnic Minority Children3671 Words   |  15 PagesMINORITY PUPILS ABSTRACT This literature review would explore the barriers in raising educational achievements of ethnic minority students. As this is a broad area of concern the literature would examine two main barriers such as social background issues and English as Additional Language (EAL) while briefly looking at other barriers such as†¦ Statistical data collected from the Pupil Level Annual School Census (PLASC) 2002 would be analysed in respect to this group social economic status and itsRead MoreThe Impact of Motivation on Students Academic Achievement and Learning Outcomes in Mathematics Among Secondary School Students in Nigeria5286 Words   |  22 Pageson Student’s Academic Achievement and Learning Outcomes in Mathematics among Secondary School Students in Nigeria Adedeji Tella Osun State College of Education, Osun State, NIGERIA Received 10 January 2007; accepted 19 April 2007 In our match towards scientific and technological advancement, we need nothing short of good performance in mathematics at all levels of schooling. In an effort to achieve this, this study investigated the impact of motivation on students’ school academic achievement inRead MoreThe Roles of Nigerian Association of Model Islamic Schools (Namis) in the Development of Education in Oyo State: a Case Study of Namis, Egbeda Local Government Area Chapter7207 Words   |  29 PagesTHE ROLES OF NIGERIAN ASSOCIATION OF MODEL ISLAMIC SCHOOLS (NAMIS) IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION IN OYO STATE: A CASE STUDY OF NAMIS, EGBEDA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA CHAPTER. BY SHITTU, AFUSAT OMOBONIKE (MRS) (MATRICULATION NUMBER 04/060854) BEING A PROJECT REPORT SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ARTS SOCIAL SCIENCES, EMMANUEL ALAYANDE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, OYO. IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF NIGERIA CERTIFICATE IN EDUCATION (N.C.E) JANUARY, 2009. CERTIFICATION Read MoreEffect of Broken Home19368 Words   |  78 PagesAcademic Perfomance of Students Coming from Broken Homes CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the Study: Broken homes are experience by some of the students not only with those in poverty line families but same goes to middle and higher class families. Parents chose to live separately regardless how their children feel and its impact to their lives, however, there are still parents in spite of the situation still supports and care of their children in their studies, and others. It is worthy to

Friday, December 27, 2019

Bachelor of Science Nursing Online Working Registered Nurses Attend Kaplan University to Gain Credibility as Writers 2019

For nurses with a knack for writing, a host of exciting job opportunities exists by combining clinical and writing skills. Pharmaceutical companies, medical marketing companies, and professional organizations need knowledgeable Registered Nurses to create written professional publications. With a bachelor of science nursing online degree, Kaplan University students develop writing skills, hone clinical knowledge, and boost their credibility as nursing writers. Kaplan Bachelor of Science Nursing Online Graduates as Nurse Writers Fortunately, medical writing rarely requires the artistic abilities of a Mark Twain or a Maya Angelou. Registered Nurses who wish to work as medical writers simply require professional writing skills and the appropriate clinical knowledge to create, edit, and proof materials such as: Articles for journals and newspapers. Education and training materials. Sales and Marketing Publications. Textbooks. Books about historically important nurses. With a bachelor of science nursing online degree, Kaplan graduates are prepared to assume a variety of positions as nurse writers, including: Medical Writer. Medical Editor. Editorial Assistant. Managing Editor. Medical Copyeditor/Proofreader. .u30e418eec31f1f4552b5853f464c7fce { padding:0px; margin: 0; padding-top:1em!important; padding-bottom:1em!important; width:100%; display: block; font-weight:bold; background-color:#eaeaea; border:0!important; border-left:4px solid #34495E!important; box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -o-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); text-decoration:none; } .u30e418eec31f1f4552b5853f464c7fce:active, .u30e418eec31f1f4552b5853f464c7fce:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; text-decoration:none; } .u30e418eec31f1f4552b5853f464c7fce { transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; } .u30e418eec31f1f4552b5853f464c7fce .ctaText { font-weight:bold; color:inherit; text-decoration:none; font-size: 16px; } .u30e418eec31f1f4552b5853f464c7fce .post Title { color:#000000; text-decoration: underline!important; font-size: 16px; } .u30e418eec31f1f4552b5853f464c7fce:hover .postTitle { text-decoration: underline!important; } READ Doctorate in Business Administration and the Theory of BusinessIn addition to working for a traditional employer, nurse writers may also choose to engage in freelance work. Use a Bachelor of Science in Nursing Online from Kaplan University to Jump-Start a Writing Career Work as a nurse writer typically requires at least a bachelor of science in nursing, according to Nursing Spectrum. A bachelor of science in nursing teaches basic professional writing development and critical thinking skills. Working Registered Nurses have the option of attending Kaplan Universitys Bachelor of Science in Nursing online program. The majority of coursework can be completed through distance education along with labs and clinical rotations arranged between the university and the student. Additional Resources for Prospective Kaplan University Bachelor of Science in Nursing Online Students College-Pages.com: a leading education and career resource website with an extensive list of available bachelor of science nursing online programs and informative articles for making education and career decisions. .uf8db16ec6006cb1f13288795c125305b { padding:0px; margin: 0; padding-top:1em!important; padding-bottom:1em!important; width:100%; display: block; font-weight:bold; background-color:#eaeaea; border:0!important; border-left:4px solid #34495E!important; box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -o-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); text-decoration:none; } .uf8db16ec6006cb1f13288795c125305b:active, .uf8db16ec6006cb1f13288795c125305b:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; text-decoration:none; } .uf8db16ec6006cb1f13288795c125305b { transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; } .uf8db16ec6006cb1f13288795c125305b .ctaText { font-weight:bold; color:inherit; text-decoration:none; font-size: 16px; } .uf8db16ec6006cb1f13288795c125305b .post Title { color:#000000; text-decoration: underline!important; font-size: 16px; } .uf8db16ec6006cb1f13288795c125305b:hover .postTitle { text-decoration: underline!important; } READ Bachelor Degree in Nursing Online Nephrology Nurses Attend to the Complex Needs of Patients with Kidney DiseaseAmerican Medical Writers Association: a professional organization for writers in the medical field with resources and networking opportunities. Related ArticlesBachelor of Arts in Organizational Management Teaching People Skills for Effective ManagementUses of an Online Marketing DegreeOnline Education Options in HealthcareGetting an Associates Degree in Paralegal StudiesOnline Degree Options in Health CareNonprofit Organization Jobs Work as a Grant Writer for a Nonprofit Agency

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Obedience and Disobedience in A Few Good Man - 1594 Words

â€Å"In the heart of nation’s capital, in a courthouse of the U.S government, one man will stop at nothing to keep his honor, and one will stop at nothing to find the truth.† This tagline helps to sum up the tone of the film A Few Good Men. Two soldiers caught in the middle of right and wrong will keep there hope and loyalty high as they wish for the best. Will the instigator of it all be pressured through his own anger to reveal the truth? Rob Reiner presents Col. Nathan R. Jessep as having an exaggerated self opinion while using his power for evil, based on dispositional factors. Lt. Daniel Kaffee uses his Harvard law education to represent two Marines who are being charged for murder in the movie A Few Good Men. Lt. Cdr. JoAnne Galloway†¦show more content†¦The author exemplifies the ways that disobedience helps the society and its contribution to furthering the human race but notes on the fact that blind obedience may eventually account for the end of civilization. A private office meeting is ordered by Col. Jessep between him, Lt. Jonathan Kendrick, and Lt. Col. Matthew Andrew Markinson to discuss the Santiago situation. After a few brief words among the three, Jessep makes his authority known by ordering Kendrick to train Santiago, while threatening to kill him if Santiago is not well prepared. With Markinson having noticeable doubts about Jessep’s command, the colonel orders a private meeting alone with Markinson. By starting the conversation off soberly, Jessep asks Markinson what he thinks of Kendrick. Markinson replies by saying his opinion does not account for much. Jessep then proceeds to explain his reasoning for having Santiago stay on the base. With a self conceited tone, Jessep begins reminiscing on his and Markinson’s life together, and ends the conversation on a selfish note, saying that he had been more successful than Markinson and that any feeling of tension and embarrassment had no importance to him. Jessep show s his true malevolence in this scene, while directing it towards Markinson and Kendrick. Milgram confers his opinion on the presence of authority when he says, â€Å"The experimenter’s physical presence has marked impact on his authority† (223). Milgram states that withoutShow MoreRelatedA Few Good Men By Erich Fromm And Stanley Milgram1214 Words   |  5 PagesThe movie, A Few Good Men, is the story of how two marines go on trial for the murder of another marine. The movie then unfolds into an emotional drama which dives deep into conspiracy and the psychodynamics of following orders. A Few Good Men was a critically acclaimed movie and was nominated for multiple Academy Awards. Similarly, authors Erich Fromm and Stanley Milgram, wrote essays that explored the morals behind obedience, and how disobedience of immoral commands can bring betterment to othersRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book A Few Good Men By Solomon E. Asch1540 Words   |  7 Pagesbecause of the choice i n obedience. As depicted in the movie, â€Å"A Few Good Men†, obedience is questioned due to soldiers choosing to obey or not when it presents the case of Lance Cpl. Harold Dawson and Pfc. Louden Downey being disciplined for committing a crime, even if they were only following orders. Eric Fromm, a social psychologist and psychoanalyst, furthers points in whether it is permissible to commit a crime under the pretext of obeying orders in his article, â€Å"Disobedience as a Psychological andRead MoreObedience And Its Effect On Society2278 Words   |  10 Pagestrait in certain circumstances. As I grew up, I learned that obedience helps us fit into society. Obedience convinces people to feel as if they are a part of an institution larger than themselves. This larger institution protects them from harm. Even though obedience has been helpful in numerous situations for many people, too much obedience has more drawbacks than benefits. An abundance of obedience can lend itself to becoming blind obedience, thus, stopping humans from thinking for themselves and justRead MoreA Few Good Men By Erich Fromm1403 Words   |  6 Pages Studying obedience to authority most often reveals human nature repugnantly; however, it teaches society individual capability and, thus, it can prevent unethical actions. In the film, A Few Good Men, Col. Nathan R. Jessup, the commanding officer at Guantanamo Bay Cuba orders a â€Å"code red† – an unsanctioned disciplinary action against Pfc. William T. Santiago. Lance Cpl. Harold W. Dawson and Pfc. Louden Downey, two U.S. Marines, are the fellow platoon members that implement the code red, and LtRead MoreThe United Kingdom Period Of Israel1240 Words   |  5 PagesThe history of the United Kingdom period in Israel focuses on a few main characters, namely, Saul, David and Solomon. However the story begins with the life of Samuel who was a prophet, priest, and the last judge of Israel. Samuel was unique in that he was set apart for God from birth and had been called by God from a young age. Samuel was the spiritual leader prior to the Kingship of Israel. Samuel li stened to God and obeyed Him only. In the early United Kingdom period Samuel is the chosenRead MoreThe Perils Of Obedience By Milgram And The Stanford Prison Experiment1207 Words   |  5 PagesHumanity will always question the idea of obedience. Two prestigious psychologists, Stanley Milgram and Philip G. Zimbardo, conducted practical obedience experiments with astonishing results. Shocked by the amount of immoral obedience, both doctors wrote articles exploring the reasoning for the test subjects unorthodox manners. In The Perils of Obedience by Milgram and The Stanford Prison Experiment by Zimbardo, the professionals reflect their thoughts in a logical manner. Milgram s experimentRead MoreNon Violent Protest Ââ€" Dr. Martin Luther Kings Moral Disobedience!1563 Words   |  7 Pagesmoral disobedience! Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the issue of non-violence in his letter from Birmingham Jail. He states that any law, which is unjust and inhuman, is not a moral law. Dr. Kings argument for non-violent protest against the authorities is just and moral; because any action taken for the greater good of human beings may be called disobedience by the authorities, but as Erich Fromm states in his essay Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem -- any act of disobedience againstRead MoreObedience At All Costs Essay1376 Words   |  6 Pagesstruggle in his film A Few Good Men. In this film, two men, Lance Corporal Dawson and Private First Class Downey are charged with the murder of fellow Marine, Private First Class Santiago. Dawson and Downey claim that they did not commit a crime but rather, were following orders to perform a â€Å"Code Red†. A â€Å"Code Red† is defined as a disciplinary action performed inside the Marines by Marines. Stanley Milgram’s article, â€Å"The Perils of Obedience† delves into the issue of obedience. His experiment consistedRead MoreFaith And Answering The All Famous Question1821 Words   |  8 Pagesshe wants nothing to do with that God. I firmly believe that we as humans have an innate desire to be a part of something larger than ourselves. I also believe that the instinctive desire we feel was birthed from the creation of this world and of man by God. In the beginning of time God created everything. I think the important piece to focus on for this topic is the fact that God created us, and he created us for a specific purpose. Genesis 1 and 2 talks about this creation and talks about theRead MoreNothing1328 Words   |  6 Pagesthe Biblical story becomes apparent starting in the first chapter of Genesis. Genesis 1:26-28 [26] Then God said, â€Å"Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.† [27] So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. [28] And God ble ssed them. And God said

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Demand and Supply of Crude Oil and Factors Affecting

Question: Discuss about theDemand and Supply of Crude Oil and Factors Affecting. Answer: Introduction Crude oil is one of the most valuable commodities and an extremely important source of energy in the world today. Economic development is considerably dependent on energy and as being one of the most important energy sources, crude oil is an important determinant of growth and development. Crude oil has wide-ranging applications- as a fuel for motor vehicles and airplanes, as a fuel for machines in agriculture and industries, for lighting and heating, component of farm fertilizers, plastics, waxes and so on. Since crude oil serves so many important functions in an economy, its demand and supply draw natural interest from policymakers and the factors affecting the demand and supply. By gaining an understanding of such factors, policymakers can draft appropriate policies to ensure unbridled development. This essay attempts to look at the factors that can affect the global demand and supply of the crude oil. Factors Affecting the Demand for Crude Oil Economic activity: Economic activity can be a very important factor in determining the demand for crude oil. The demand for crude oil increases when there is an increase in economic activity. Greater demand for crude oil with higher level of economic activity can be on account of industries demanding more crude oil products for their machineries, more vehicles purchased in the economy, increased use of air transport higher household gas consumption etc. A significant portion of global demand is contributed by developed economies. Since these countries are rich, their per capita usage is very high on account of large number of motor vehicles, reliance of households on private motor vehicles, large industrial base and high consumption of petrochemicals etc. Demand for crude oil is rapidly growing from some rapidly developing countries like China and India. Their huge populations are also a reason for rapid spurt in oil demand. Oil demand from rapidly developing countries increases as t hey become more industrialized and urbanized. As they traverse up the income ladder, their populations start consuming energy intensive products more, resulting in higher demand for crude oil too (Ten factors that affect, 2012). Slowdown or decrease in economic activity can have an adverse impact on demand for oil as illustrated by decreased crude oil demand resulting from slow growth of world economy due to slow recovery in Europe and USA (Hamilton, 2015). Government policies: Governments often draft policies that influence the demand for crude oil. Policies like taxes on fuels and taxes on motor vehicles cab restrict domestic and global demand for oil. For example, Singapore levies as much as 100% tax on cars and requires obtaining certificate of entitlement to buy a car (Dutta, 2015). In UK, tax contributed over 67% of the per unit price of oil in 2015 (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries [OPEC], n.d.). Developing countries such as China and India provided massive subsidies on oil, buoying the demand (Izzard et al, 2010). Awareness for sustainability: Several countries are attempting to reduce their carbon footprint following heightened concerns regarding climate change. Orientation of transport policy towards sustainability is one facet of the multi-pronged policy. Brazil has introduced hybrid buses. It also meets significant percentage of its transport fuel need through biofuel. South Korea expanded its network of buses and metro, introduced transit centres and last mile connectivity in order to discourage private car usage (Lee et al, 2015). Such measures can slow growth of demand for oil in the long term. Weather: Demand for oil is also affected by changes in weather. People drive more in summers leading to a higher oil demand (Ten factors that affect, 2012). Factors Affecting Crude Oil Supply OPEC: OPEC is an organization of major oil producing countries. Its members coordinate their oil production decisions. OPECs decision to change/export oil production can have drastic impacts on global oil supply. For example, during the Arab-Israeli war in 1973, Islamic nations cut production and imposed embargo on export to some nations, causing oil prices to soar (Macalister, 2011). American production of oil: Supply of crude oil production can also be affected by oil production of USA as the country has proven huge reserves of oil. US was the largest petroleum producer in 2015 (Total Petroleum and Other, 2015). Crude Oil demand: Fluctuations in demand for crude oil can have a bearing on oil supply as producers may cut back production. OPEC cut back its production in 1980s to prevent oil prices from dropping further following reduced demand (Project Gutenberg Self-Publishing Press, n.d.). Technological factors: Technological improvements in exploration and production have helped to increase oil supply while most refineries use old technology and do not employ the most recent technology, resulting in lesser efficiency and output (Izzard et al, 2010). Weather: Severe weather events can impact production of oil. Hurricanes Katrina and Rita adversely affected the oil supply in 2005 by disrupting oil rigs in Gulf of Mexico (ibid.). Geopolitical factors: Political factors have an important bearing on supply of crude oil, especially those related to major oil producing countries. For example, Saudi Arabia has been maintaining a high supply of crude oil in order to keep oil prices artificially low, so as to economically weaken its rival Iran, another oil exporting nation (Kemp, 2016). Conclusion Demand for crude oil is significantly affected by the level and growth of economic activity. Greater economic activity increases demand for crude oil. Demand can also be affected by taxes and subsidies. Increased concerns for environment and calls for sustainability are leading countries to switch to or prepare roadmap for cleaner energy alternatives. This will decrease demand in the long term. Weather can also cause temporary fluctuations in demand for crude oil. Supply of crude oil can affected by the production decisions and capacities of the OPEC members and USA since these are the major producers. Geopolitical and natural factors that affect these countries can also affect the supply. State of technology and demand for crude oil are also important determinants of the supply. References Izzard, C., Stringer, K., Foran, J. (2010). Review of issues affecting the price of crude oil.Natural Resource Canada, Petroleum Resources Branch Energy Sector. Ten Factors That Affect the Price of Oil. 30 April, 2012. Retrieved from https://c1wsolutions.wordpress.com/2012/04/30/factors-affect-price-of-oil/ Hamilton, J. (2015, January 11). Demand Factors in the collapse of Oil Prices. Retrieved from https://c1wsolutions.wordpress.com/2012/04/30/factors-affect-price-of-oil/ Dutta, S. (2015, August 25). 10 Most Expensive Countries to Buy and Own a Car in the World. Retrieved from https://www.insidermonkey.com/blog/10-most-expensive-countries-to-buy-and-own-a-car-in-the-world-367288/ Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. (n.d.) Who got what from a litre of oil in 2015. Retrieved from https://www.opec.org/opec_web/en/data_graphs/333.htm Lee C., Sung N. M., Choi S. D. (2015, April 28). Koreas Leap Forward in Green Transport. Retrieved from https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/transport/brief/koreas-leap-forward-in-green-transport Macalister, T. (2011, March 3) Background: What caused the 1970s oil price shock? Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2011/mar/03/1970s-oil-price-shock 1986 Oil Price Collapse. Project Gutenberg Self- Publishing Press. Retrieved from https://www.gutenberg.us/articles/1986_oil_price_collapse Total Petroleum and Other Liquids Production 2015. Retrieved from https://www.eia.gov/beta/international/index.cfm Kemp, J. (2016, April 18) Saudi Arabia turns Oil Weapon on Iran. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-oil-meeting-kemp-idUSKCN0XF2AR

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Sensory Disabilities and Age of Onset

Sensory disability refers to the impairment in seeing or hearing. As per Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (2010):Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Sensory Disabilities and Age of Onset specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The sensory impairment encompasses both visual loss (including blindness and partial sight), hearing loss (including the whole range) and multisensory (which means having a diagnosed visual and hearing impairment with at least loss in each of the modalities or deaf-blindness) (p.1) As a result of this, students who are sensory impaired may be affected in a number of ways in regards to their learning. For instance, the rate at which they advance academically may be slowed down significantly because of the difficulties they undergo in accessing the necessary information. They may also not be able to communicate appropriately with their peers and teachers about the knowledge they have acquired in class. Inability to move, and connected with it restrictions is another challenge that they are likely to encounter because of obvious reasons. The student may also suffer socially as he/she may not be able to interact freely with others due to fear arising from mocking at peers. â€Å"Their self esteem, particularly if learners experience negative attitudes and stereotyping may also suffer as a result† (Effective practice Guides, 2011, p. 6) Teaching the Sensory Impaired Using Assistive Technology (AT) Due to the above stated problems, various advancements in technology have been made to help the affected learner. The problem, however, is that each student has a different problem and, as such, requires a different style and approach if he/she is to be helped academically. Different assistive technologies are as well applied in countering these cases.Advertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn M ore For visual impairment cases, for example, print media materials, magnified computer images and information, screen readers and Braille can be used to help the visually disabled to screen hearing aids, FM systems, and speech to text translation devices that can also be employed when dealing with the students with hearing difficulties. Use of the AT Devices to Teach Language Arts Language teaching involves training learners on how to use a given language both in speech and written form. Magnified computer images can be used especially where the visual problem is congenital, in other words, where the student has visual memory or where the student involved still uses his vision as the primary way of reading. Through this, words and names on monitor screens can be accompanied with images for language learning. Speech to text translation devices can be used to directly transmit a teacher’s voice to a receptive screen for those who have hearing impairment in reading lessons, f or example. Braille can be used for reading purposes for those who are visually impaired. Age of Onset As earlier stated, learners’ problems vary. To encounter them effectively a teacher has to individualize his approach based on the learner’s studying style. â€Å"Knowing if the student has a congenital or adventitious sensory loss affects how students will gain access to the instruction† (Beard, et al, 2011, p. 142). This is due to the fact that the presence or lack of hearing or visual memory will highly influence which type of style and AT is to be employed for a particular student.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Sensory Disabilities and Age of Onset specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The style the teacher will utilize in his/her interaction with the learner will also be influenced by the subject taught. Style and AT used in mathematics and sciences will obviously be different from the on e employed in language and arts classes, for instance. The learner’s preference, however, should be given a key consideration. It is also important to take these kinds of students away from the others where a teacher realizes that the student will encounter problems in adapting in order to help them avoid the likely embarrassment that they may undergo in class. This can happen, for instance, when learning the subject that call for lots of diagrams, figures and illustrations to be applied, which may also give a challenge to the visually impaired students. References Beard, L.A. , Carpenter, L.B and Johnson, L.B(2011). Assistive Technology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc. Effective practice guide.(2011). â€Å"Understanding visual impairment in learners and young people†. RNIB: Supporting Blind and Partially Sighted People , 1-7, Retrieved from https://www.rnib.org.uk/services-we-offer-advice-professionals-education-professionals/guidance-teaching-and-lear ning Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (2010). Complex Learning difficulties research project. International Networking for Educational Transformation,1-8. Web. This essay on Sensory Disabilities and Age of Onset was written and submitted by user Shaniya O. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.